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/*
 * This file is part of the MicroPython project, http://micropython.org/
 *
 * The MIT License (MIT)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2013-2018 Damien P. George
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "py/obj.h"
#include "py/mperrno.h"
#include "led.h"
#include "flash.h"
#include "storage.h"

#if MICROPY_HW_ENABLE_INTERNAL_FLASH_STORAGE

// Here we try to automatically configure the location and size of the flash
// pages to use for the internal storage.  We also configure the location of the
// cache used for writing.

#if defined(STM32F405xx) || defined(STM32F415xx) || defined(STM32F407xx)

#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x10000000) // CCM data RAM, 64k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x10000) // 64k max, size of CCM
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08004000) // sector 1
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (224) // sectors 1,2,3,4: 16k+16k+16k+64k=112k

// enable this to get an extra 64k of storage (uses the last sector of the flash)
#if 0
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_START_ADDR (0x080e0000) // sector 11
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_NUM_BLOCKS (128) // sector 11: 128k
#endif

#elif defined(STM32F401xE) || defined(STM32F411xE) || defined(STM32F446xx)

STATIC byte flash_cache_mem[0x4000] __attribute__((aligned(4))); // 16k
#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (&flash_cache_mem[0])
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x4000) // 16k max due to size of cache buffer
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08004000) // sector 1
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (128) // sectors 1,2,3,4: 16k+16k+16k+16k(of 64k)=64k

#elif defined(STM32F429xx)

#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x10000000) // CCM data RAM, 64k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x10000) // 64k max, size of CCM
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08004000) // sector 1
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (224) // sectors 1,2,3,4: 16k+16k+16k+64k=112k

#elif defined(STM32F439xx)

#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x10000000) // CCM data RAM, 64k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x10000) // 64k max, size of CCM
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08100000) // sector 12
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (384) // sectors 12,13,14,15,16,17: 16k+16k+16k+16k+64k+64k(of 128k)=192k
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_START_ADDR (0x08140000) // sector 18
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_NUM_BLOCKS (128) // sector 18: 64k(of 128k)

#elif defined(STM32F746xx) || defined(STM32F767xx) || defined(STM32F769xx)

// The STM32F746 doesn't really have CCRAM, so we use the 64K DTCM for this.

#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x20000000) // DTCM data RAM, 64k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x08000) // 32k max
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08008000) // sector 1
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (192) // sectors 1,2,3: 32k+32k+32=96k

#elif defined(STM32H743xx)

// The STM32H743 flash sectors are 128K
#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x20000000) // DTCM data RAM, 128k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (0x20000) // 128k max
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR (0x08020000) // sector 1
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS (256) // Sector 1: 128k / 512b = 256 blocks

#elif defined(STM32L475xx) || defined(STM32L476xx) || defined(STM32L496xx)

extern uint8_t _flash_fs_start;
extern uint8_t _flash_fs_end;
extern uint32_t _ram_fs_cache_start[2048 / 4];
extern uint32_t _ram_fs_cache_block_size;

// The STM32L475/6 doesn't have CCRAM, so we use the 32K SRAM2 for this.
#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (&_ram_fs_cache_start)       // End of SRAM2 RAM segment-2k
#define FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX (_ram_fs_cache_block_size)  // 2k max
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR ((long)&_flash_fs_start)
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS ((&_flash_fs_end - &_flash_fs_start) / 512)

#else
#error "no internal flash storage support for this MCU"
#endif

#if !defined(FLASH_MEM_SEG2_START_ADDR)
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_START_ADDR (0) // no second segment
#define FLASH_MEM_SEG2_NUM_BLOCKS (0) // no second segment
#endif

#define FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY        (1)
#define FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE  (2)
#define FLASH_FLAG_ERASED       (4)
static __IO uint8_t flash_flags = 0;
static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_id;
static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_start;
static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_size;
static uint32_t flash_tick_counter_last_write;

static void flash_bdev_irq_handler(void);

int32_t flash_bdev_ioctl(uint32_t op, uint32_t arg) {
    (void)arg;
    switch (op) {
        case BDEV_IOCTL_INIT:
            flash_flags = 0;
            flash_cache_sector_id = 0;
            flash_tick_counter_last_write = 0;
            return 0;

        case BDEV_IOCTL_NUM_BLOCKS:
            return FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS + FLASH_MEM_SEG2_NUM_BLOCKS;

        case BDEV_IOCTL_IRQ_HANDLER:
            flash_bdev_irq_handler();
            return 0;

        case BDEV_IOCTL_SYNC:
            if (flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY) {
                flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE;
                while (flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY) {
                   NVIC->STIR = FLASH_IRQn;
                }
            }
            return 0;
    }
    return -MP_EINVAL;
}

static uint8_t *flash_cache_get_addr_for_write(uint32_t flash_addr) {
    uint32_t flash_sector_start;
    uint32_t flash_sector_size;
    uint32_t flash_sector_id = flash_get_sector_info(flash_addr, &flash_sector_start, &flash_sector_size);
    if (flash_sector_size > FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX) {
        flash_sector_size = FLASH_SECTOR_SIZE_MAX;
    }
    if (flash_cache_sector_id != flash_sector_id) {
        flash_bdev_ioctl(BDEV_IOCTL_SYNC, 0);
        memcpy((void*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, (const void*)flash_sector_start, flash_sector_size);
        flash_cache_sector_id = flash_sector_id;
        flash_cache_sector_start = flash_sector_start;
        flash_cache_sector_size = flash_sector_size;
    }
    flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY;
    led_state(PYB_LED_RED, 1); // indicate a dirty cache with LED on
    flash_tick_counter_last_write = HAL_GetTick();
    return (uint8_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR + flash_addr - flash_sector_start;
}

static uint8_t *flash_cache_get_addr_for_read(uint32_t flash_addr) {
    uint32_t flash_sector_start;
    uint32_t flash_sector_size;
    uint32_t flash_sector_id = flash_get_sector_info(flash_addr, &flash_sector_start, &flash_sector_size);
    if (flash_cache_sector_id == flash_sector_id) {
        // in cache, copy from there
        return (uint8_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR + flash_addr - flash_sector_start;
    }
    // not in cache, copy straight from flash
    return (uint8_t*)flash_addr;
}

static uint32_t convert_block_to_flash_addr(uint32_t block) {
    if (block < FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS) {
        return FLASH_MEM_SEG1_START_ADDR + block * FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE;
    }
    if (block < FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS + FLASH_MEM_SEG2_NUM_BLOCKS) {
        return FLASH_MEM_SEG2_START_ADDR + (block - FLASH_MEM_SEG1_NUM_BLOCKS) * FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE;
    }
    // can add more flash segments here if needed, following above pattern

    // bad block
    return -1;
}

static void flash_bdev_irq_handler(void) {
    if (!(flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY)) {
        return;
    }

    // This code uses interrupts to erase the flash
    /*
    if (flash_erase_state == 0) {
        flash_erase_it(flash_cache_sector_start, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        flash_erase_state = 1;
        return;
    }

    if (flash_erase_state == 1) {
        // wait for erase
        // TODO add timeout
        #define flash_erase_done() (__HAL_FLASH_GET_FLAG(FLASH_FLAG_BSY) == RESET)
        if (!flash_erase_done()) {
            return;
        }
        flash_erase_state = 2;
    }
    */

    // This code erases the flash directly, waiting for it to finish
    if (!(flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_ERASED)) {
        flash_erase(flash_cache_sector_start, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_ERASED;
        return;
    }

    // If not a forced write, wait at least 5 seconds after last write to flush
    // On file close and flash unmount we get a forced write, so we can afford to wait a while
    if ((flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE) || HAL_GetTick() - flash_tick_counter_last_write >= 5000) {
        // sync the cache RAM buffer by writing it to the flash page
        flash_write(flash_cache_sector_start, (const uint32_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        // clear the flash flags now that we have a clean cache
        flash_flags = 0;
        // indicate a clean cache with LED off
        led_state(PYB_LED_RED, 0);
    }
}

bool flash_bdev_readblock(uint8_t *dest, uint32_t block) {
    // non-MBR block, get data from flash memory, possibly via cache
    uint32_t flash_addr = convert_block_to_flash_addr(block);
    if (flash_addr == -1) {
        // bad block number
        return false;
    }
    uint8_t *src = flash_cache_get_addr_for_read(flash_addr);
    memcpy(dest, src, FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE);
    return true;
}

bool flash_bdev_writeblock(const uint8_t *src, uint32_t block) {
    // non-MBR block, copy to cache
    uint32_t flash_addr = convert_block_to_flash_addr(block);
    if (flash_addr == -1) {
        // bad block number
        return false;
    }
    uint8_t *dest = flash_cache_get_addr_for_write(flash_addr);
    memcpy(dest, src, FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE);
    return true;
}

#endif // MICROPY_HW_ENABLE_INTERNAL_FLASH_STORAGE