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/*
 * This file is part of the MicroPython project, http://micropython.org/
 *
 * The MIT License (MIT)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2013-2016 Damien P. George
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "genhdr/mpversion.h"
#include "py/builtin.h"
#include "py/mpconfig.h"
#include "py/objmodule.h"

#if MICROPY_PY_BUILTINS_HELP

const char mp_help_default_text[] =
"Welcome to MicroPython!\n"
"\n"
"For online docs please visit http://docs.micropython.org/\n"
"\n"
"Control commands:\n"
"  CTRL-A        -- on a blank line, enter raw REPL mode\n"
"  CTRL-B        -- on a blank line, enter normal REPL mode\n"
"  CTRL-C        -- interrupt a running program\n"
"  CTRL-D        -- on a blank line, exit or do a soft reset\n"
"  CTRL-E        -- on a blank line, enter paste mode\n"
"\n"
"For further help on a specific object, type help(obj)\n"
;

STATIC void mp_help_print_info_about_object(mp_obj_t name_o, mp_obj_t value) {
    mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, "  ");
    mp_obj_print(name_o, PRINT_STR);
    mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, " -- ");
    mp_obj_print(value, PRINT_STR);
    mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, "\n");
}

#if MICROPY_PY_BUILTINS_HELP_MODULES
STATIC void mp_help_add_from_map(mp_obj_t list, const mp_map_t *map) {
    for (size_t i = 0; i < map->alloc; i++) {
        if (MP_MAP_SLOT_IS_FILLED(map, i)) {
            mp_obj_list_append(list, map->table[i].key);
        }
    }
}

#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN
STATIC void mp_help_add_from_names(mp_obj_t list, const char *name) {
    while (*name) {
        size_t l = strlen(name);
        // name should end in '.py' and we strip it off
        mp_obj_list_append(list, mp_obj_new_str(name, l - 3));
        name += l + 1;
    }
}
#endif

// These externs were originally declared inside mp_help_print_modules(),
// but they triggered -Wnested-externs, so they were moved outside.
#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_STR
extern const char mp_frozen_str_names[];
#endif

#if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_MPY
extern const char mp_frozen_mpy_names[];
#endif

STATIC void mp_help_print_modules(void) {
    mp_obj_t list = mp_obj_new_list(0, NULL);

    mp_help_add_from_map(list, &mp_builtin_module_map);

    #if MICROPY_MODULE_WEAK_LINKS
    mp_help_add_from_map(list, &mp_builtin_module_weak_links_map);
    #endif

    #if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_STR
    mp_help_add_from_names(list, mp_frozen_str_names);
    #endif

    #if MICROPY_MODULE_FROZEN_MPY
    mp_help_add_from_names(list, mp_frozen_mpy_names);
    #endif

    // sort the list so it's printed in alphabetical order
    mp_obj_list_sort(1, &list, (mp_map_t*)&mp_const_empty_map);

    // print the list of modules in a column-first order
    #define NUM_COLUMNS (4)
    #define COLUMN_WIDTH (18)
    size_t len;
    mp_obj_t *items;
    mp_obj_list_get(list, &len, &items);
    unsigned int num_rows = (len + NUM_COLUMNS - 1) / NUM_COLUMNS;
    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < num_rows; ++i) {
        unsigned int j = i;
        for (;;) {
            int l = mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, mp_obj_str_get_str(items[j]));
            j += num_rows;
            if (j >= len) {
                break;
            }
            int gap = COLUMN_WIDTH - l;
            while (gap < 1) {
                gap += COLUMN_WIDTH;
            }
            while (gap--) {
                mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, " ");
            }
        }
        mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, "\n");
    }

    // let the user know there may be other modules available from the filesystem
    const compressed_string_t* compressed = translate("Plus any modules on the filesystem\n");
    char decompressed[compressed->length];
    decompress(compressed, decompressed);
    mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, decompressed);
}
#endif

STATIC void mp_help_print_obj(const mp_obj_t obj) {
    #if MICROPY_PY_BUILTINS_HELP_MODULES
    if (obj == MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_modules)) {
        mp_help_print_modules();
        return;
    }
    #endif

    mp_obj_type_t *type = mp_obj_get_type(obj);

    // try to print something sensible about the given object
    mp_print_str(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, "object ");
    mp_obj_print(obj, PRINT_STR);
    mp_printf(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, " is of type %q\n", type->name);

    mp_map_t *map = NULL;
    if (type == &mp_type_module) {
        map = mp_obj_dict_get_map(mp_obj_module_get_globals(obj));
    } else {
        if (type == &mp_type_type) {
            type = MP_OBJ_TO_PTR(obj);
        }
        if (type->locals_dict != MP_OBJ_NULL && MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(type->locals_dict, &mp_type_dict)) {
            map = mp_obj_dict_get_map(type->locals_dict);
        }
    }
    if (map != NULL) {
        for (uint i = 0; i < map->alloc; i++) {
            if (map->table[i].key != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
                mp_help_print_info_about_object(map->table[i].key, map->table[i].value);
            }
        }
    }
}

STATIC mp_obj_t mp_builtin_help(size_t n_args, const mp_obj_t *args) {
    if (n_args == 0) {
        // print a general help message. Translate only works on single strings on one line.
        const compressed_string_t* compressed =
            translate("Welcome to Adafruit CircuitPython %s!\n\nPlease visit learn.adafruit.com/category/circuitpython for project guides.\n\nTo list built-in modules please do `help(\"modules\")`.\n");
        char decompressed[compressed->length];
        decompress(compressed, decompressed);
        mp_printf(MP_PYTHON_PRINTER, decompressed, MICROPY_GIT_TAG);
    } else {
        // try to print something sensible about the given object
        mp_help_print_obj(args[0]);
    }

    return mp_const_none;
}
MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_VAR_BETWEEN(mp_builtin_help_obj, 0, 1, mp_builtin_help);

#endif // MICROPY_PY_BUILTINS_HELP